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How to Avoid New Tank Syndrome

New tank syndrome is a water quality problem.

By Stephen M. Meyer |

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Q. I've been keeping varieties of goldfish for many years — my first one lived eight years by himself in an unfiltered 5-1/2 gallon aquarium with biweekly complete water changes. Since then I have learned an enormous amount about goldfish. One problem, however, still plagues me — avoiding "new tank syndrome."

I recently purchased four small bubble eyes for a 20-gallon aquarium. After only three days one fish died from dropsy. A week and a half later another showed signs of finrot.

The ammonia levels are only slightly raised, and I keep doing 25- to 50-percent water changes weekly. Your help would be greatly appreciated.

A. You have several things to consider. New tank syndrome occurs when aquariums or ponds are set up for the first time — it's a water quality problem. Lacking an established colony of nitrifying bacteria, ammonia levels in the water rise to toxic levels. As the nitrification process takes hold, nitrite (an even more toxic substance) concentrations also rise The process of establishing effective nitrification takes four to six weeks, and deaths usually being after the first week or two.

This is easily avoided. All you need to do is set up a new aquarium without fish, start the filter, add several parts per million of ordinary household ammonia every other day for four weeks, and you will have established a healthy population of nitrifying bacteria.

Test the water every couple of days. You will see ammonia and nitrite levels rise and fall. When they stabilize near zero (after about a month) you can add fish.

I doubt, however, that this is your problem. The fish load was too small for the volume of water to produce ammonia poisoning. Did you test your water for chlorine and chloramine? If it was present did you neutralize these agents?

You should also compare the pH in your tap water with that from the aquarium store. It sounds much more like severe water quality stress depressed the fish's natural defenses.

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Reader Comments

Aidan    Los Gatos, CA

11/23/2015 9:07:24 PM

Just use CaribSea's Instant Aquarium substrate.

Geoff    Middletown, CT

8/9/2014 6:07:14 AM

Some may say it is over kill for a fresh water tank, but I only use RODI water in my aquariums. You never know what you are introducing to the tank with tap water. An RODI water filter is one of the best investments in my opinion if you plan on keeping fish long term.

michael    International

1/21/2014 6:12:10 PM

The additives that came with your tank are used to begin the cycling of your tank water. I suggest you do some research on the net about water cycling. Easy to find.Will save you alot of grief in the future.

Grant    Marietta, GA

6/10/2011 7:37:29 AM


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